Commentary Cons. Phil. Book 4 Metrum 1
The mind has powers to ascend to its true homeland.
Meter: Dactylic tetrameter alternating with iambic dimeter. The tetrameter ends with the cadence u x.
- line 1
mihi: dative of the possessor.
- line 2
conscendant: subjunctive of purpose.
- line 4
perosa despicit: "detesting, it looks down on."
- line 6
postergum: = post tergum.
- line 7
quique: = qui + -que; antecedent is ignis uerticem in line 8. The movement of the 'ether' (above the atmosphere) was the source of such signs of fire as comets, meteors, and the Milky Way (so said Aristotle ). In late antiquity the Milky Way was regarded as the pathway of souls on the way to highest heaven. (See Gruber.)
- line 9
astriferas: astriferas . . . domos: "star-bearing houses," the zodiac signs.
domos: astriferas . . . domos: "star-bearing houses," the zodiac signs.
- line 11
gelidi senis: i.e., Saturn.
- line 12
miles corusci sideris: subject of surgat, coniungat, and comitetur; perhaps an allusion to Mars.
- line 13
pingitur: "is decorated."
- line 14
recurrat: "follows again" (i.e., the mind in its ascent follows the course of a star).
- line 15
exhausti: exhausti . . . satis: "enough of fatigue"; subject of fuerit.
satis: exhausti . . . satis: "enough of fatigue"; subject of fuerit.
- line 16
polum: polum . . . extimum: "outermost sky," cf. stabilem . . . orbem in 1M2.15.
extimum: polum . . . extimum: "outermost sky," cf. stabilem . . . orbem in 1M2.15.
- line 17
17: lines 17-18: The mind reaches the other side of the fast-moving ether (dorsa uelocis aetheris) itself and so attains the domain of true, venerable (uerendi) light.
- line 19
regum: < rex, "king."
- line 23
Huc: "to this spot."
- line 24
quam: sc. patriam (see following line).
immemor: cf. 3M11.
- line 25
- line 26
sistam: < sisto, "cause to stand still, bring to a halt."
- line 27
27: lines 27-28: See on 2P7.23