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Advanced French Grammar & Writing
Grammaire avancée: de la phrase au texte
Grammar and Texts
in language instruction
These competencies mostly pertain to morphology and
syntax, at the sentence level. They
must be set apart from discursive and textual
competence (sentence arrangement, "text grammar"), from rhetorical
(or stylistic) competence, or lexical competence (vocabulary
knowledge), which must be evaluated separately. They must also be set
apart from oral competencies, which involve a different hierarchical
structure, and allow for a wider usage of colloquial forms.
forms themselves can be grouped into three main categories : elementary,
intermediate and advanced (which, depending on circumstances, involve
learning phases of varying lengths, corresponding to various academic
divisions). Such a double hierarchy of forms is founded less on intrinsic
"difficulty" than on the level distinction between standard
and formal writing (in French, advanced competencies almost always involve
a mastery of formal speech).
Texts to be purchased /Manuels à acheter
Complementary Readings/Lectures complémentaires
Plan / Outline
Advanced knowledge of a language extends beyond purely technical ability to express oneself orally and in writing. One also needs to understand its workings and master some basic notions and concepts in order to reach expert use both in terms of reception (comprehension) and of production (writing, speech), that is, grasping the complexity of language use and its nuances.
I. The Sentence and its Components / La Phrase et ses constituants (Sessions 3-4-5)
simple sentence is the basic unit of linguistic and grammatical analysis.
Therefore it is important to understand what its components are (nominal
and predicative group, and their sub-componants), and to be able to
identify word caregories (the "parts of speech")
so as to employ them efficaciously.
II. Description - The Nominal Group: Nouns, Pronouns, Determiners, Adjectives / La Description - Le Groupe nominal: noms, pronoms, déterminants, adjectifs (Sessions 7-8-9-10)
this unit, we will work on description (places,
focusing on the use of nouns and their complements in the nominal group.
>> TEST 2 - session 13 (Tuesday, February 26) >Turn in draft 1 of description
III. Narration - The Verb System (mood, tense, aspect) - Adverbs and Adverbial Phrases / La Narration - Le Système verbal (mode, temps, aspect) - Adverbes et locutions adverbiales (sessions 14-15-16-17-18)
this unit, we will work on narration (the
recounting of sequences of events),
focusing on the verb system and the nuances of expression that can
be obtained by variations in mood, tense and aspect.