WORKS OF AUGUSTINE
The surviving works of Augustine comprise a little over five
words; a complete edition fills at least a dozen volumes. This
list arranges the works by contents, and within each section
works are alphabetized. Generally accepted dates of composition
are given, but note that for many of the longer works a range of
dates is given signified by two dates connected by a hyphen,
while for others whose exact date of composition is known two
dates separated by a slash indicate approximation. (The standard
work on the chronology is that of S. Zarb, Chronologia operum
sancti Augustini [Rome, 1934], but research has continued
apace; see particularly A.M. LaBonnardiere, Recherches de
chronologie augustinienne [Paris: Études
The * designates titles for which older English translations
exist such as may commonly be found in large libraries;
translations currently in print in major are specified by
- ACW: Ancient Christian Writers
- FC: Fathers of the Church
- NPNF: Select Library of Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers
Principal series of editions of Latin texts are:
- PL: Patrologia Latina
- CSEL: Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum
- CCSL: Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina
- BA: Bibliothèque Augustinienne
To locate Latin texts of all the church fathers see the Clavis
Patrum Latinorum (Steenbruge [Belgium] 1961).
I. Early Writings (386-391): (omitting items listed in
categories below devoted to specific controversies)
- 1. Contra academicos (Against the Academics) .
ACW; FC. Dialogue in three books refuting the "academic"
skepticism of Cicero's late Roman followers.
- 2. De beata vita (The Happy Life) . FC. Philosophical
dialogue from Cassiciacum.
- 3. De dialectica (Logic), De grammatica (Grammar) [c. 387].
Unfinished parts of an unfulfilled plan to write treatises on the
seven liberal arts. Cf. De musica below.
- 4. De immortalitate animae (The Immortality of the Soul)
. FC. Sketch for a third book of Soliloquia.
- 5. De libero arbitrio voluntatis (The Free Choice of the
Will) [388-395]. FC (also in Library of Liberal Arts paperback).
Dialogue in three books setting forth Augustine's early,
philosophical analysis of a problem he would later deal with in
greater depth, amid heated controversy, with more reference to
- 6. De magistro (The Teacher) . FC. Dialogue, on
knowledge and its transmission, between Augustine and his natural
son Adeodatus shortly before the son's death.
- 7. De musica (Music) [387-391?], in six books. FC. Deals
with abstract questions of time and number and with music treated
mainly as a question of rhythm.
- 8. De ordine (Order) . FC. Dialogue from Cassiciacum
on divine providence.
- 9. De quantitate animae (The Magnitude of the Soul) [387/8].
ACW; FC. Dialogue inquiring into the nature of the soul and its
- 10. De utilitate credendi (The Usefulness of Belief)
[391/2]. FC. An apologetic work written for a man Augustine was
attempting to convert to Christianity.
- 11. De vera religione (True Religion) . FC. General
defense of the excellence of Christianity. This is the last of
his works from before his ordination and shows his mind on the
point of turning to a more ecclesiastical style.
- 12. Soliloquia (Soliloquies--a word Augustine coined for
this work) [386/87]. A dialogue between "Augustine" and
"Reason;" a challenging first statement of themes that recur
throughout his career.
II. Scriptural exegesis. The numerous collections of
"questions" are extremely various in character.
- 1. Adnotationes in Job (Notes on Job) . Not a
commentary, but a series of unconnected notes taken down by
Augustine's disciples without his awareness; he was later sorry
that so inadequate a work had gotten into circulation.
- 2. De consensu evangelistarum (The Harmony of the
Evangelists) [400?, or perhaps 400-412], in four books.*
Discussion of the "synoptic question" comparing the narratives
given in the four gospels.
- 3. De diversis quaestionibus LXXXIII (Eighty-three Various
Questions) [388-395]. FC. Collection of short treatises, many
exegetical but some philosophical, on a variety of topics,
written at Tagaste and Hippo.
- 4. De diversis quaestionibus VII ad Simplicianum (Seven
Various Questions for Simplicianus) .* Written from Hippo
in response to a request from Simplicianus, his friend and
counselor during his time in Milan and eventual successor of
Ambrose as bishop there. The discussion of grace arising from
Paul's letter to the Romans is important.
- 5. De genesi ad litteram imperfectus liber (Incomplete
Literal Commentary on Genesis) [393/94]. Written after the tract
against the Manicheans (see III.8 below); broken off after only
10,000 words or so; to be replaced by:
- 6. De genesi ad litteram (Literal Commentary on Genesis)
[401-414/415], in twelve books.* The theology of creation, from
the first three chapters of Genesis.
- 7. De VIII Dulcitii quaestionibus (Eight Questions for
Dulcitius) [425/426]. FC.
- 8. De VIII quaestionibus ex veteri testamento (Eight
Questions on the Old Testament) [419?].
- 9. De sermone Domini in monte (The Sermon on the Mount)
- 10. Enarrationes in Psalmos (Sermons on the Psalms)
[392-418].* Treatises, mainly in the form of public sermons, on
all 150 Psalms (with a few treated more than once); a rich source
of Augustine's spiritual ideas.
- 11. Epistolae ad Galatas expositio (Commentary on Galatians)
- 12. Epistolae ad Romanos inchoata expositio (Incomplete
Commentary on Romans) [394/395]. Barely begun.
- 13. Expositio LXXXIV propositionum ex epistula ad Romanos
(Eighty-four Topics from Paul's Letter to the Romans) [394/395].
- 14. Locutiones in Heptateuchum (Figures of Speech from the
Heptateuch) [419-420]. On the first seven books of the Old
Testament, mainly on obscurities of expression arising from the
literal (and sometimes inaccurate) quality of Latin translations
of those books.
- 15. Quaestiones XVII in Matthaeum (Seventeen Questions
Concerning Matthew) [400-410].
- 16. Quaestiones in Heptateuchum VII (Seven Questions
Concerning the Heptateuch) [419-420].
- 17. Quaestiones evangeliorum ex Matthaeo et Luca (Questions
Concerning Matthew and Luke) [395-399], in two books.
- 18. Sermones (Sermons) [392-430]. Only a few of the more
than 300 to survive have been translated.
- 19. Speculum (Mirror of Scripture) . Compilation of
extracts from scripture.
- 20. Tractatus in evangelium Iohannis CXXIV (Treatises on the
Gospel of John) [413-418?; the first sixteen sermons may have
been given as early as 406/07, and the whole series may not have
been completed until 421]. Complete commentary on the gospel.
- 21. Tractatus in Iohannis epistulam ad Parthos (Treatises on
I John) [413?; perhaps 406/07]. Complete commentary on the
III. Anti-Manichean Writings.
- 1. Acta contra Felicem Manichaeum (Proceedings against
Felix the Manichee) [404?]. Shorthand report of a public debate
with one of the Manichean "elect"; cf. the following item.
- 2. Acta contra Fortunatum Manichaeum (Proceedings against
Fortunatus the Manichee) .* Fortunatus was a Manichean
priest; his performance in the debate was an unmitigated
- 3. Contra Adimantum (Against Adimantus) . Refutation
of the writings of a man said to have been a disciple of Mani.
- 4. Contra epistulam Manichaei quam vocant Fundamenti
(Against the Manichean Letter They Call "The Foundation") .*
Detailed refutation of a central Manichean text.
- 5. Contra Faustum Manichaeum (Against Faustus the Manichee)
[397/98], in thirty-three books (some very brief).* Faustus was
a Manichean bishop Augustine had known in his own days in the
sect (cf. Book 5 of Conf.).
- 6. Contra Secundinum Manichaeum, cum epistula eiusdem
auctoris (Against the Manichee Secundinus, with a letter by
Secundinus) . A polite exchange of letters with one of the
- 7. De duabus animabus contra Manichaeos (The "Two Souls,"
against the Manichees) [392/93].* A discussion of a central
- 8. De genesis contra Manichaeos (Commentary on Genesis,
against the Manichees) [388/389], in two books. Specialized
commentary refuting Manichean doctrines.
- 9. De moribus ecclesiae catholicae et de moribus
Manichaeorum (The Customs of the Catholic Church and the Customs
of the Manichees) [387/389]. FC. A general apologetic treatise
comparing the two ways of life.
- 10. De natura boni contra Manichaeos (The Nature of Good,
against the Manichees) . Brief discussion of a central
IV. Anti-Donatist Writings.
- 1. Ad Donatistas post collationem (To the Donatists
after the Conference) ; see items 2 and 10 below.
- 2. Breviculus collationis cum Donatistis (Summary of the
Proceedings of the Conference with the Donatists) . A
pamphlet to publicize recent events; see item 10 below.
- 3. Contra Cresconium (Against Cresconius) [405/406], in four
books. Cresconius was a learned Donatist layman.
- 4. Contra Gaudentium Thamugadensem episcopum Donatistarum
(Against Gaudentius, Donatist Bishop of Timgad) [421/422].
Timgad was a stronghold of Donatism in the mountains of Numidia.
- 5. Contra litteras Petiliani Donatistae (Against the Book of
Petilian the Donatist) [401/405], in three books. Petilian was
Donatist bishop of the important city of Constantine west of
Hippo; see item 9 below.
- 6. Contra epistulam Parmeniani (Against the Letter of
Parmenian) . Parmenian was Donastist bishop of Carthage who
died c. 392; his pamphlet continued to circulate.
- 7. De baptismo contra Donatistas (Baptism, against the
Donastists) , in seven books.* Refutes the claim of the
Donatists that baptism could, and often should, be administered
more than once to the same person; important for discussion of
the theology of baptism in the African tradition, where it had
long been a controversial subject.
- 8. De gestis cum Emerito Donatistarum episcopo Caesareae
(Debate with Emeritus, Donatist Bishop of Caesarea) . When
Augustine visited that city, Emeritus came out of hiding for a
- 9. De unico baptismo contra Petilianum (Single Baptism,
against Petilian) .
- 10. Gesta collationis Carthaginiensis (Proceedings of the
Conference of Carthage) . Shorthand report of the climactic
debate of June 411. Not strictly a work of Augustine's, but he
plays a large part in its pages. Excellent text, translation,
and notes in edition of S. Lancel published in the series Sources
- 12. Psalmus contra partem Donati (Psalm against the
Donatists) . A summary in easy-to-remember verse of the
main points of dispute with the schismatics, meant to reach the
widest possible audience. Text in Revue Benedictine 47(1935)
V. Anti-Pelagian Writings. Except for the two longer works
against Julian (items 2 and 15), all of these works are
- 1. Contra duas epistulas Pelagianorum ad Bonifacium
Papam (Refutation of Two Pelagian Letters, to Pope Boniface I)
[422/423], in four books.*
- 2. Contra Iulianum (Against Julian) , in six books.
FC. Dispute with the young Pelagian bishop of Eclanum (Italy).
Cf. item 15 below.
- 3. De anima et eius origine [also known as de natura et
origine animae] (The Soul and Its Origins) [420-1].* The origin
of the soul was in dispute in connection with the transmission of
- 4. De correptione et gratia (Punishment and Grace) .
FC. Deals with the objection that Augustine's view of grace made
punishment useless as an instrument of discipline, since
salvation is independent of human merit.
- 5. De dono perseverantiae (The Gift of Perseverance) .*
Argues that a moment's grace, without the additional gift of
perseverance in grace, is of little avail.
- 6. De fide et
operibus (Faith and Works) . FC.
- 7. De gestis Pelagii (The Proceedings against Pelagius)
.* Interpreting for a Latin audience the synod of Diospolis
 by which Pelagius had been acquitted.
- 8. De gratia Christi et de peccato originali (The Grace of
Christ and Original Sin) .* The most methodical
- 9. De gratia et libero arbitrio (Grace and Free Will) .
FC. Takes up the theme of predestination.
- 10. De natura et gratia (Nature and Grace) [413/415].* The
Pelagian position was that man's natural endowments constituted
divine grace by themselves.
- 11. De nuptiis et concupiscentia (Marriage and Desire)
[419/421].* The fruits of original sin to be seen most clearly
in the disorders of human sexuality.
- 12. De peccatorum meritis et remissione et de baptismo
parvulorum (The Guilt and Remission of Sins; amnd Infant Baptism)
.* The first anti-Pelagian treatise.
- 13. De perfectione iustitiae hominis (The Perfection of
Justice in Man) .* Can man lead a perfectly blameless life?
- 14. De praedestinatione sanctorum (The Predestination of the
Blessed) .* Augustine's final word.
- 15. De spiritu et littera (Spirit and Letter) .*
- 16. Opus imperfectum contra Iulianum (Unfinished Work
against Julian) [429/430]. On Augustine's desk at his death.
VI. Pastoral Treatises and Minor Controversial Works.
- 1. Adversus Iudaeos (Against the Jews) [429/430]. FC.
- 2. Collatio cum Maximino Arianorum episcopo (Debate with
Maximinus, Bishop of the Arians) . Shorthand record of a
debate with a churchman who came to Africa with the Arian
- 3. Contra adversarium legis et prophetarum (Against the
Opponent of the Law and the Prophets) . Defense of the Old
Testament's place in Christian theology against a recrudescence
of one of the earliest heresies, Marcionism.
- 4. Contra mendacium (Against Lying) . FC. Cf. item 17
- 5. Contra Priscillianistas et Origenistas ad Orosium
(Against the Priscillianists and Origenists, for Origen) .
A pamphlet on heresies said by Orosius to flourish in Spain.
(Cf. H. Chadwick, Priscillian of Avila (Oxford: Clarendon Press,
- 6. Contra sermonem Arianorum (Against a Sermon of the
Arians) . Refutation of a pamphlet.
- 7. De agone christiano (The Christian Struggle) .
Short moral treatise with warnings against various heresies,
directed to an unsophisticated audience.
- 8. De bono coniugali (The Good of Marriage) . FC.
- 9. De bono viduitatis (The Good of Widowhood) . FC.
- 10. De catechizandis rudibus (Instruction of Beginners)
.* Manual for preachers and catechists.
- 11. De coniugiis adulterinis (Adulterous Marriages) .
- 12. De continentia (Celibacy) . FC.
- 13. De cura pro mortuis gerenda (The Respect to Be Shown to
the Remains of the Dead) [424/425]. FC. Deals with the
resurrection and the rising vogue of veneration for the relics of
- 14. De divinatione daemonum (The Prophecies of Demons)
- 15. De fide et symbolo (Faith and the Creed) . FC.
Expounds the baptismal creed for new Christians.
- 16. De fide rerum invisibilium (Faith in Things Unseen)
- 17. De haeresibus (Heresies) . A catalogue of errors
- 18. De mendacio (Lying) . FC.
- 19. De opere monachorum (The Work of Monks) . FC.
- 20. De patientia (Patience in the Face of Suffering) .
- 21. De sancta virginitate (Holy Virginity) . FC.
- 22. De utilitate ieiunii (The Usefulness of Fasting)
- 23. Enchiridion (Handbook) [423/424]. ACW, FC. Brief
summary of Christian doctrine.
- 24. [Regulae]. There are later monastic rules attributed to
Augustine, but just how much goes back to his pen and how much is
the result of later compilation and abridgment is very
- 1. Confessiones [397(-401?)]. FC.
- 2. De civitate Dei (City of God) [413-426/427]. FC.
- 3. De doctrina christiana (Christian Doctrine) [books 1-3,
396/397; book 4, 426]. FC.
- 4. De trinitate (The Trinity) [399/400-416/421]. FC.
- 5. Epistulae (Letters), [386-430]. FC. About three hundred
survive, including twenty-nine recently discovered and published
in CSEL in 1981.
- 6. Retractationes (Reconsiderations) [426-427]. FC. A
catalogue of Augustine's works, with corrigenda noted.
Biographical and Historical:
- Brown, Peter. Augustine of Hippo. London and Berkeley:
Faber and Faber/University of California Press, 1967. Lucid,
universally acclaimed biography.
- Cochrane, Charles Norris.
Christianity and Classical Culture. Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 1942. Interprets the transformation of traditional Roman
ideas under the impact of Christianity.
- Frend, W.H.C. The Donatist Church. Oxford: Clarendon
Press, 1952. Standard work on the African churches and their
controversies in the age of Augustine.
- O'Meara, John J. The Young Augustine. London: Longmans,
1954. Biography to the time of his conversion.
- Van der Meer, Frederick. Augustine the Bishop. London:
Sheed and Ward, 1961.
- Description of Augustine's everyday life and activity in the
Christian Doctrine, Theology, and Exegesis:
- Burnaby, John. Amor Dei: A Study of the Religion of
Saint Augustine. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1938.
- Butler, Cuthbert. Western Mysticism. London, 1922; third
edition, 1951. Considers Augustine along with Gregory the Great
and Bernard of Clairvaux.
- Gilson, Etienne. The Christian Philosophy of Saint
Augustine. New York: Knopf, 1960. Outline of philosophical
issues in Augustine's teaching.
- Mandouze, Andre. Saint Augustin: L'Aventure de raison et de
grace. Paris: Études augustiniennes, 1968. Evolution of
Augustine's doctrines in biographical context.
- Lubac, Henri de. Exegese Medievale. Paris: Aubier,
1959-1964. The standard work on early Christian and medieval
study of the Bible, with much to say on Augustine.
- Margerie, Bertrand de. Introduction a l'histoire de
l'exegese: III, Saint Augustin. Paris: Cerf, 1983. Sketches
Augustine's principles and practice.
- Marrou, Henri-Irenee. Saint Augustin et la fin de la culture
antique. Paris: Boccard, 1948. Detailed study of the
educational and cultural background from which Augustine came and
the use he made of his traditions.
- Pelikan, Jaroslav J. The Christian Tradition, I: The
Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100-600), especially chapter
6, "Nature and Grace." Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
1971. The new standard work on the history of Christian
- Portalie, Eugene. A Guide to the Thought of Saint Augustine.
Chicago: Regnery, 1960. Originally an encyclopedia article in
French (1923), in book form this work is the most accessible,
best indexed guide to Augustine's ideas on particular points of
doctrine; now out of date but not really superseded.
- Rist, J.M. "Augustine on Free Will and Predestination,"
Journal of Theological Studies, 20(1969): 420-447. The clearest
statement in English of a persuasive contemporary interpretation
of the most difficult issues; should be read in connection with
Pelikan and Portalie.
- TeSelle, Eugene. Augustine the Theologian. New York:
Herder, 1970. Study of principal doctrines and controversies in
Christianity and Society:
- Brown, Peter. Religion and Society in the Age of Saint
Augustine. London: Faber, 1971. Collection of important
articles on various subjects.
- Cranz, F. Edward. "De civitate Dei, XV, 2, and Augustine's
Idea of the Christian Society," Speculum 25(1950): 215-225.
- Deane, Herbert. The Political and Social Ideas of Saint
Augustine. New York: Columbia University Press, 1963.
- Ladner, Gerhard. The Idea of Reform. Cambridge, Mass.:
Harvard University Press, 1959. Comparative study of several
- Markus, Robert. Saeculum: History and Society in the
Theology of Saint Augustine. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press, 1970. The standard work on City of God and its meaning.
- Marrou, Henri-Irenee. Time and Timeliness. New York: Sheed
and Ward, 1969. Philosophical essay on the meaning of history in
the Augustinian spirit.
Confessions (see also biographies above):
- Courcelle, Pierre. Les Confessions de S. Augustin dans
la tradition litteraire. Paris: Etudes augustiniennes, 1962.
Discusses both the sources and the influence of Augustine's
- Courcelle, Pierre. Recherches sur les Confessions de S.
Augustin. Paris: Boccard, 1950; second edition, 1968.
Biographical inquiries, with particular emphasis on the influence
- Guardini, Romano. The Conversion of Augustine. London:
Sands, 1960. Lucid study with emphasis on theology.
- Knauer, G.N. Die Psalmenzitate in Augustins Konfessionen.
Gttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1955. Detailed and fruitful
study of the presence of the biblical texts in the Confessions.
For further bibliography:
- Augustinus-Lexikon. Würzburg, 1985- . When
completed, this will comprise four large volumes of
encyclopedia-style articles on Augustine's life, works, and
doctrines; it should be the standard reference for some time to
- Fichier Augustinien. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1972-.
Comprehensive to 1970 in first series, with one supplement volume
(--> 1978) so far published.
- Revue des etudes augustiniennes. Paris, 1956-. Annual
survey of books and articles worldwide.