Powerlessness turns into power at the margins
------->Essenes/DSS, John the Baptizer, Jesus

The "Holy Man"
Peter Brown's articles (see bibliography)
-------exemplar? -------mediator? -------dead saint in training to become relics?

proximity of the desert to the City
practice of the Psalter

Anthony as hermit --> origins of cenobitism
*****the way their stories get told back in the city (Athanasius' life of Anthony)
*****Sulpicius Severus' life of Martin: competition from the west

Western developments:
Cassian/Lérins v. western tradition of leisured retirement

Benedict of Nursia and the history of Monte Cassino

Medieval afterlives of this style: when powerlessness becomes real power