You are entering the site of the WWW edition of the printed book based on an e-mail list conversation held in the summer and fall of 1994. The Association of Research Libraries' Office of Scientific and Academic Publishing published Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing in 1995, edited by Ann Shumelda Okerson (now Associate University Librarian for Collections Development at Yale University) and James J. O'Donnell (Professor of Classical Studies and interim Vice Provost for Information Systems and Computing at the University of Pennsylvania) This book captures an Internet discussion about scientific and scholarly journals and their future that took place on a number of electronic forums starting in June 1994 and peaking in the fall. Subsequent electronic conversations between the principals and interested parties continue until now (the last message captured in the book is dated March 21, 1995). Given the powerful opportunities that electronic networking technologies offer to scholars and scientists, the future of publishing will be debated for years to come. This book is one attempt to capture a key conversation between the stakeholders in scholarly communications.
Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads makes publishing history. It is the first time that a book derived from a series of wide-ranging Internet discussions on a scholarly topic recreates (insofar as possible) an e-mail experience for a general academic and publishing audience.
Six principal discussants and about two dozen others advance radical and traditional views; they argue for overhaul of journal publication systems or advocate careful preservation of traditional values and roles. Will electronic technologies save us from the economic pressures of the current papyrocentric publishing system or will they be more expensive than we dreamed? In his "Overture to the Subversive Proposal," Stevan Harnad (Cognitive Scientist, University of Southampton) writes, "For centuries, it was only out of reluctant necessity that authors of esoteric publications entered into the Faustian Bargain of allowing a price tag to be erected as a barrier between their work and its intended readership, for that was the only way they could make their work public at all during the age when paper publication was their only option."
Lorrin Garson (pioneer and leader in electronic publishing at the American Chemical Society) responds, "I would like to suggest that publishing electronic journals is in fact going to be more expensive than printing. The collection, maintenance and dissemination of these data will be more costly than printing, but the information will be much more valuable to the scientific community. Of course, when we get to this point we won't be publishing journals; the output will be called something else." Paul Ginsparg (Los Alamos National Laboratories), Bernard Naylor (Librarian, University of Southampton), Andrew Odlyzko (AT&T Bell Labs), and Frank Quinn (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University) also offer thoughtful essays and provocative viewpoints.
In conclusion, Ann Okerson (ARL) and James O'Donnell (Professor of Classics, University of Pennsylvania), the editors of this 9-month long networked conversation write, "This is a book about hope and imagination in one corner of the emerging landscape of cyberspace. It embraces passionate discussion of an idea for taking to the Internet to revolutionize one piece of the world of publishing."
The book includes a detailed table of contents, specially written introductory and concluding chapters by the co-editors, a "hyperlink" bibliography showing where materials in the book can be read on the Internet, and a glossary of terms used by the discussants.
The Association of Research Libraries is a not-for-profit organization
representing 119 research libraries in the United States and Canada. Its
mission is to shape and influence forces affecting the future of research
libraries in the process of scholarly communication. ARL programs and
services promote equitable access to, and effective use of recorded
knowledge in support of teaching, research, scholarship, and community
service. These programs include annual statistical publications, federal
relations and information policy, and enhancing access to scholarly
information resources through telecommunications, collection development,
preservation, and bibliographic control. The Office of Scientific and
Academic Publishing works to identify and influence the forces affecting
the production, dissemination, and use of scholarly and scientific