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Commentary Cons. Phil. Book 5 Prosa 2

Prosa 2

P. asserts the existence of human freedom of will even under the reign of divine providence.

section 2
haerentium sibi: "closely attached to each other."
arbitrii: "of choice." Where we speak of "free will," Latin writers are more inclined to speak of "free choice of [i.e., exercised by] the will."

section 3
fuerit: potential subjunctive, "would there be."
quin: "without"; with subjunctive after a negative main clause.
eidem: dative with adsit.

section 4
quod: subject of potest; antecedent of id in next clause.
uti: < utor.
se: refers to the subject of the main clause.

section 7
substantiis: "entities, natures."
optatorum: genitive with efficax; see on 4P4.11.
praesto est: "is at hand."

section 8
liberiores quidem: contrasts with minus [sc. liberas] uero to follow.
speculatione: "contemplation."
dilabuntur: " slip away, disperse."
corpora: these bodies are a mid-point between pure spirit and terreni artus; it was common Neoplatonic doctrine that spirit and matter could not interact directly without some such intermediary.
minusque etiam: "and still less."
colligantur: "gathered [and hemmed in] by."

section 9
deditae: sc. animae; "given over [to]," with dative.
rationis propriae: objective genitive with possessione.

section 10
quibus: dative governed by gerunds that follow.

section 11
Quae: Quae . . . cuncta: object of prospiciens.
ab aeterno: "from all eternity."
cuncta: Quae . . . cuncta: object of prospiciens.

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