[[1]] Golden Ass 3.17.


[[2]] D.R. Jordan, Athenische Mitteilungen 95 (1980), 227ff. is on what sorts of magic texts were written on lead. See also the useful discussion by R.S.O. Tomlin (1988), 81-4.


[[3]] J. Gager (1992), 3-27, discusses katadesmoi/defixiones and traces their development, while subsequent chapters deal with the various situations in which defixiones were used: athletic and dramatic competitions, the theater of romance and lust, legal proceedings, commerce, and in order to call down divine justice or vengeance upon someone. Gager's book is the best and most recent work on the subject of curse tablets, and also one of the best on ancient magic. See also C.A. Faraone (1991) for a very informative essay on curse tablets in Greek society, and R.S.O. Tomlin (1988) for the most recent discussion of Latin curse tablets, which accompanies his publication of the large hoard of tablets discovered in a sacred spring in Bath, England.


[[4]] P.G.M. XXXVI.231-55.


[[5]] For other instructions for preparing curse tablets, see P.G.M. V.304-69; IX, XXXVI.1-35, and LVIII.1-14.



For full bibliographical citations and a table of abbreviations, click here.