A Campaign for Pious Tourism in Late Antique Ostia: Epitaphs for Bishop Cyriacus and Monica, Mother of Augustine

Journal of Roman Studies 100 (2010) 195-209

Article Abstract: Ever since Augustine narrated an account of his mother’s death at Ostia, social historians have tried to adduce the identity of the person who erected Monica's tombstone, a copy of which is preserved in a ninth-century codex. Three members of the gens Anicia, all of whom were Augustine's contemporaries, have become usual suspects in the secondary literature. Throughout these debates the epitaph itself, a fragment of which was found in 1945, is frequently cited but rarely treated as a primary text. This article presents a new study of that epigraph and proposes that it was erected much later than previously suspected.