Arik Levinson

Economics Department, Georgetown University


Journal articles

  1. "How Much Energy Do Building Energy Codes Save? Evidence from California Houses" American Economic Review 106(10), 2016.
  2. "Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency" (with Claire Brunel) Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 10(1), 2016.
  3. "A Direct Estimate of the Technique Effect: Changes in the Pollution Intensity of US Manufacturing 1990-2008" Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists 2(1), March 2015.
  4. "California Energy Efficiency: Lessons for the Rest of the World, or Not?" Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 107, 2014.
  5. "Waste of Effort?: International Environmental Agreements" (with Derek Kellenberg) Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists 1(1), 2014.
  6. "Valuing Public Goods Using Happiness Data: The Case of Air Quality" Journal of Public Economics 96(9-10), October 2012.
  7. "Pollution and International Trade in Services" International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 10(2), June 2010.
  8. "Offshoring pollution: Is the U.S. increasingly importing polluting goods?" Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 4(1), Winter 2010.
  9. "Technology, International Trade, and Pollution from U.S. Manufacturing" American Economic Review 99(5), December 2009.
    • Reprinted in Recent Papers on Trade and the Environment, Brian R. Copeland, ed. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
  10. "Unmasking the Pollution Haven Effect" (with Scott Taylor) International Economic Review 49(1), February 2008.
  11. "Budget Rules and State Business Cycles: A Comment" Public Finance Review 35(7), July 2007.
  12. "Employee cost-sharing and the welfare effects of Flexible Spending Accounts" (with William Jack and Sjamsu Rahardja) Journal of Public Economics 90(12), December 2006.
  13. "Labor Supply Effects of the Earned Income Tax Credit: Evidence from Wisconsin's Supplemental Benefit for Families with Three Children" (with Maria Cancian) National Tax Journal, December 2006.
  14. "Trade Liberalization and Pollution Havens" (with Josh Ederington and Jenny Minier), Advances in Economic Analysis and Policy 4(2) 2004.
    • Reprinted in The Economics of Pollution Havens, Don Fullerton ed. Edward Elgar Press 2006.
  15. "Footloose and Pollution-Free" (with Josh Ederington and Jenny Minier) Review of Economics and Statistics 87(1), 2005.
  16. "Willingness to Pay for Environmental Quality: Testable Empirical Implications of the Growth and Environment Literature" with (Debra Israel) Contributions to Economic Analysis and Policy 3(1) 2004.
  17. "Energy Use by Apartment Tenants when Landlords Pay for Utilities" (with Scott Niemann) Resource and Energy Economics, 26(1), March 2004.
  18. "Examining the Evidence on Environmental Regulations and Industry Location" (with Smita Brunnermeier) Journal of the Environment and Development 13(1), March 2004.
  19. "Environmental Regulatory Competition: A Status Report and Some New Evidence" National Tax Journal 56(1), March 2003.
  20. "Pollution Abatement Costs and FDI Inflows to U.S. States" (with Wolfgang Keller) Review of Economics and Statistics 84(4), November 2002.
  21. "Reexamining the Empirical Evidence for an Environmental Kuznets Curve" (with Bill Harbaugh and Dave Wilson) Review of Economics and Statistics 84(3), August 2002.
  22. "The Simple Analytics of the Environmental Kuznets Curve" (with James Andreoni) Journal of Public Economics 80(2), May 2001.
  23. "The Missing Pollution Haven Effect: Examining Some Common Explanations" Environmental and Resource Economics 15(4), April 2000.
  24. "NIMBY Taxes Matter: The Case of State Hazardous Waste Disposal Taxes" Journal of Public Economics 74(1), October 1999.
  25. "State Taxes and Interstate Hazardous Waste Shipments" American Economic Review 89(3), June 1999.
  26. "Grandfather Regulations, New Source Bias, and State Air Toxics Regulations" Ecological Economics 28(2), February 1999.
  27. "Rainy Day Funds and State Government Savings" (with Brian Knight) National Tax Journal 52(3), September 1999.
  28. "Balanced Budgets and Business Cycles: Evidence From the States" National Tax Journal 51(4), December 1998.
  29. "Medicaid Managed Care and Infant Health" (with Frank Ullman) Journal of Health Economics 17(3), June 1998.
  30. "Factoring the Environmental Kuznets Curve: Evidence From Automotive Lead Emissions" (with F.G. Hank Hilton) Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 35(2), March 1998.
  31. "Why Oppose TDRs?: Transferable Development Rights Can Increase Overall Development" Regional Science and Urban Economics 27(3), June 1997.
  32. "A Note on Environmental Federalism: Interpreting Some Contradictory Results" Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 33(3), 1997.
  33. "Environmental Regulations and Manufacturers' Location Choices: Evidence from the Census of Manufactures" Journal of Public Economics 61(1), 1996.
  34. "Reexamining Teacher Preferences and Compensating Wages" Economics of Education Review 7(3), 1988.

Book chapters, book reviews, comments, and other publications

  1. "The hidden American tax on imported cars: Fuel economy standards instead of tariffs" in Economics and Policy in the Age of Trump, Chad Bown ed. Voxeu.org, June 5, 2017
  2. "Help the environment – Buy a gas guzzler" Fox News Opinion  March 7, 2017.
  3. "Believe it! Pollution taxes would help the poor and our environment more than the current system" Fox News Opinion January 4, 2017.
  4. "Environmental Engel Curves" VoxEU.org, March 2014.
  5. "More evidence for technology's role in the clean-up of manufacturing" VoxEU.org, September 2014.
  6. "Why Environmentalists Should Worry About The EPA's New Clean Power Plan" Forbes Capital Flows blog. August 11, 2014.
  7. "Waste of effort? International environmental agreements" VoxEU.org, March 2014.
  8. "Economic consequences of carbon abatement: Some lessons from the past" Quarterly newsletter of the Enel Foundation. February 2014.
  9. "Belts and Suspenders: Interactions among Climate Policy Regulations" in The Design and Implementation of U.S. Climate Policy, Don Fullerton and Catherine Wolfram eds. University of Chicago Press, 2012.
  10. Comment on “Interactions between State and Federal Climate Change Policies” by Lawrence H. Goulder and Robert N. Stavins in The Design and Implementation of U.S. Climate Policy, Don Fullerton and Catherine Wolfram eds. University of Chicago Press, 2012.
  11. Comments on Alm and Banzhaf “Designing Economic Instruments for the Environment in a Decentralized System”  Journal of Economic Surveys (2010).
  12. Comment on “Climate Policy's Uncertain Outcomes for Households: The Role of Complex Allocation Schemes in Cap-and-Trade The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy. 10(2), November 2010.
  13. "Comment on 'Trade Growth, Production Fragmentation, and China's Environment'" by J. Dean and M. Lovely in China's Growing Role in World Trade. R. Feenstra and S. Wei, Editors, U. of Chicago Press, 2010.
  14. Review of Happiness: A Revolution in Economics. Bruno S. Frey. 2008. Journal of Regional Science, 50(5) 1015-1017.
  15. "Happiness as a tool for valuing public goods" VoxEU.org, September, 2009.
  16. "How Significant is the Pollution Content of Trade?," comments prepared for Climate Change, Trade and Competitiveness: Is a Collision Inevitable? The Brookings Institution, 2009.
  17. "Tax Subsidies for Out-of-Pocket Healthcare Costs" in Using Taxes to Reform Health Insurance, Henry Aaron and Leonard Burman, eds. Brookings Institution, 2008, with Jessica Vistnes and Billy Jack.
  18. "Taxes and the Environment" in The Tax Policy Briefing Book, Urban Institute and Brookings Institution Tax Policy Center, 2008.
  19. "What accounts for the clean-up of US manufacturing: technology or international trade?" VoxEU.org, January 2008.
  20. "Pollution Haven Hypothesis" entry in New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics 2nd edition, 2008.
  21. "Environmental Kuznets Curve" entry in New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics 2nd edition, 2008.
  22. "What are the linkages between environmental policies, economic growth and employment?", in Saxe, Henrik and Clemen Rasmussen, eds. Green Roads to Growth. Copenhagen: Environmental Assessment Institute, pp. 28-88. With Clemen Rasmussen, Karsten Staehr, and Kasper Wrang.
  23. Review of New Tools for Environmental Protection: Education, Information, and Voluntary Measures. Dietz and Stern, eds. Journal of Economic Literature, March 2004.
  24. "State Rainy Day Funds and the State Budget Crisis of 2002-?" with Christian Gonzalez, State Tax Notes, 29(6), August 11, 2003.
  25. "The Ups and Downs of the Environmental Kuznets Curve," in John List and Aart de Zeeuw, eds., Recent Advances in Environmental Economics. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2002.
  26. "Measuring Environmental Compliance Costs and Economic Consequences: A Perspective from the U.S.," with Hank Hilton, in Maskus, Keith E. and John S. Wilson, eds, Quantifying the Impact of Technical Barriers to Trade: Can It Be Done? University of Michigan Press, 2001.
  27. "An Industry-Adjusted Index of State Environmental Compliance Costs," in Metcalf, G. and Carrero, C., eds., Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy. University of Chicago Press, 2001.
  28. "Fiscal Institutions in U.S. States" with Brian Knight, in Institutions, Politics and Fiscal Policy . Kluwer Academic Press, 2000.
  29. "Environmental Tax Competition: The Race to the Top in State Hazardous Waste Disposal Taxes" Proceedings of the 89th Annual Conference on Taxation, National Tax Association, 1997.
  30. "Environmental Regulations and Industry Location: International and Domestic Evidence" in Jagdish Bhagwati and Robert Hudec, eds., Fair Trade and Harmonization: Prerequisite for Free Trade? MIT Press, 1996.
  31. "Efficient Environmental Regulation: Case Studies of Urban Air Pollution in Los Angeles, Mexico City, Cubatao, and Ankara" with Sudhir Shetty, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series #WPS942, August 1992.

Working papers

  1. "Energy Efficiency Standards Are More Regressive Than Energy Taxes: Theory and Evidence." NBER wp22956.
  2. "Environmental Protectionism: The Case of CAFE."
  3. "Misreporting Trade: Tariff Evasion, Corruption, and Auditing Standards" with Derek Kellenberg. NBER wp22593.
  4. "Energy Intensity: Prices, Policy, or Composition in US States."
  5. "Environmental Engel Curves" with James O'Brien. NBER wp20914.
    - new online Appendix.
  6. "Happiness, Behavioral Economics, and Public Policy." NBER wp19329.
  7. "Medicaid Stigma" with Sjamsu Rahardja.

Georgetown NBER  Repec